Gandharan, c. 500 BC
Orris, sandalwood, white violet, carrot seed, white pepper, balsams and musks
The word 'paramahansa' is a Sanskrit title of honor assigned to the most saintly of Hindu teachers. The literal translation of the term to English is 'Royal Swan.' In ancient Hindu texts the Swan was a symbol of the enlightened spirit. As a swan glides through water without getting wet, so the soul journeys through the cosmic ocean, shedding all attachments: being in the world, but not of it.